Cinnamal is an aromatic aldehyde.
Function(s): Denaturant; Flavoring Agent; Fragrance Ingredient; MASKING
Other names: 2-Propenal, 3-Phenyl-; 2Propenal, 3Phenyl; 3-Phenyl- 2-Propenal; 3-Phenyl-2-Propenal; Cinnamaldehyde; Cinnamic Aldehyde; Cinnamyl Aldehyde; 2-Propenal, 3-Phenyl- (9Ci) ; 3-Fenylpropenal (Czech) ; 3-Phenyl-2-Propenal; 3-Phenylacrolein
Developmental & reproductive toxicity: ○○○○○○○○○○○○
Allergies & immunotoxicity:
Natural or synthetic?
What Is It?
Cinnamal, also called cinnamaldehyde, is a yellow oily liquid that gives cinnamon its spice. In cosmetics and personal care products, Cinnamal is used in the formulation of aftershave lotions, bath products, dentifrices, lipsticks, moisturizers, and mouthwashes and breath fresheners.
Why is it used in cosmetics and personal care products?
The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) includes Cinnamal on its list of substances considered Generally Recognized As Safe (GRAS) for use as a synthetic flavoring substance. The safety of Cinnamal has been evaluated by the Research Institute for Fragrance Materials Expert Panel (REXPAN). Based on this evaluation, an International Fragrance Association (IFRA) Standard has been established. The IFRA Standard restricts the use of Cinnamal in fragrances because it of potential sensitization.
Link to the IFRA Standards: http://www.ifraorg.org/en-us/standards_1
The Cosmetic Ingredient Review (CIR) defers review of individual fragrance ingredients to the IFRA program unless the ingredient has significant uses other than as a fragrance. In this case, the ingredient may be assessed by both the CIR Expert Panel and REXPAN.
More safety Information:
Link to FDA Code of Federal Regulations for Cinnamal: http://www.accessdata.fda.gov/scripts/cdrh/cfdocs/cfcfr/CFRSearch.cfm?fr...
The Joint FAO/WHO Expert Committee on Food Additives (JECFA) concluded that Cinnamal does not present a safety concern at current levels of intake when used as a flavoring agent.
Link to the JECFA safety evaluation of Cinnamal: http://www.inchem.org/documents/jecfa/jeceval/jec_418.htm
The Flavor and Extract Manufacturers Association Expert Panel has reviewed the safety of Cinnamal and determined that it was Generally Recognized as Safe (GRAS) for use a flavoring substance. In Europe, Cinnamal is included on the list of "allergenic" substances. The European Cosmetics Regulation requires manufacturers of cosmetics and personal care products to indicate the presence of certain "allergenic" substances in the list of ingredients if they are present above certain levels in the product (see Annex III). The presence of Cinnamal must be indicated in the list of ingredients when its concentration exceeds: 0.001% in leave-on the skin products 0.01% in products that are rinsed off the skin.
Link to the EU Cosmetic Regulation: http://europa.eu/legislation_summaries/consumers/product_labelling_and_packaging/co0013_en.htm
More information about the safety of fragrances.