Geraniol is a naturally occurring scent ingredient found in various essential oils such as rose oil and citronella oil.
Function(s): Fragrance Ingredient; Masking; Tonic
Other names: 2,6-Octadien-1-Ol, 3,7-Dimethyl-; 2,6-Octadien-1-Ol, 3,7-Dimethyl-, (2E) -; 2,6Octadien1Ol, 3,7Dimethyl, (E) ; 3,7-Dimethyl- 2,6-Octadien-1-Ol; 3,7-Dimethyl-2,6-Octadien-1-Ol; 2,6-Dimethyl-Trans-2,6-Octadien-8-Ol; 3,7-Dimethyl-Trans-2,6-Octadien-1-Ol; Geraniol Alcohol; Geraniol Extra; Geranyl Alcohol; Guaniol
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Allergies & immunotoxicity:
Natural or synthetic?
What Is It?
Geraniol is a clear to pale-yellow oil with a rose-like odor. In addition to being used as a fragrance ingredient, Geraniol is also used in flavors such as peach, raspberry, plum, citrus fruits, watermelon, pineapple and blueberry. In cosmetics and personal care products, Geraniol is used in the formulation of aftershave lotions, bath products, bubble baths, hair products, lipsticks, moisturizers, perfumes and colognes, skin care products and suntan products.
Why is it used in cosmetics and personal care products?
Geraniol functions as a fragrance ingredient.
The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) includes Geraniol on its lists of flavoring substance considered Generally Recognized As Safe (GRAS). The safety of Geraniol has been evaluated by the Research Institute for Fragrance Materials Expert Panel (REXPAN). Based on this evaluation, an International Fragrance Association (IFRA) Standard has been established. The IFRA Standard restricts the use of Geraniol in fragrances because of potential sensitization.
Link to the IFRA Standards: http://www.ifraorg.org/en-us/standards_1
The Cosmetic Ingredient Review (CIR) defers review of individual fragrance ingredients to the IFRA program unless the ingredient has significant uses other than as a fragrance. In this case, the ingredient may be assessed by both the CIR Expert Panel and REXPAN.
More safety Information:
Link to FDA Code of Federal Regulations for Geraniol: http://www.accessdata.fda.gov/scripts/cdrh/cfdocs/cfcfr/CFRSearch.cfm?fr...
The Joint FAO/WHO Expert Committee on Food Additives (JECFA) concluded that Geraniol does not present a safety concern at current levels of intake when used as a flavoring agent.
Link to the JECFA safety evaluation of Geraniol: http://www.inchem.org/documents/jecfa/jeceval/jec_898.htm
The Flavor and Extract Manufacturers Association Expert Panel has reviewed the safety of Geraniol and determined that it is Generally Recognized as Safe (GRAS) for use as a flavoring substances. In Europe, Geraniol is included on the list of "allergenic" substances. The European Cosmetics Regulation requires manufacturers of cosmetics and personal care products to indicate the presence of certain "allergenic" substances in the list of ingredients if they are present above certain levels in the product (see Annex III). The presence of Geranoil must be indicated in the list of ingredients when its concentration exceeds: 0.001% in leave-on the skin products 0.01% in products that are rinsed off the skin.
Link to the EU Cosmetic Regulation: http://europa.eu/legislation_summaries/consumers/product_labelling_and_packaging/co0013_en.htm